The program extends for twelve months from early August of the year of entry. It is an intensive program; students average nearly twenty-four hours per week in the classroom during the two semesters of taught courses which are followed by a four month individual research project. The more theoretical topics are addressed during Semester I, while application is emphasized in Semester II. (Semester schedules are presented below; point to the course titles for detailed course descriptions.)

Fluid flow, sediment transport mechanisms, bedforms and sedimentary structures associated with open channel flow, sedimentary gravity flows and waves. Depositional environments and facies models for clastic sedimentary systems. Composition, classification and facies models for carbonate rocks. Compaction, diagenesis, cementation and dissolution of clastic and carbonate rocks and their affect on porosity and permeability of hydrocarbon reservoirs.

Definition of a depositional sequence, recognition of depositional sequences on well logs, seismic data and outcrop, controls on sequence development, systems tracts, seismic facies analysis, eustasy versus tectonics, application to basin evaluation and field-scale correlations.
GEOPHYSICS (3 credits)

Description of waveforms, propagation of seismic waves, data acquisition, digital signal analysis, data processing, seismic interpretation in time, time to depth conversion, 3D data acquisition and processing, seismic modelling, synthetic seismograms, VSP, seismic stratigraphy, seismic refraction methods, interpretation of gravity and magnetic data.

Palynomorphs, spores and pollen, dinoflagellates, benthic and planktonic foraminifera, calcareous nannofossils, biozonation of the Tertiary of Southeast Asia, global biozonations, sequence stratigraphic applications and the role of biostratigraphy in hydrocarbon exploration.

Fault and fold mechanics, current concepts in plate tectonics, cross-section construction techniques, structural interpretation of seismic data, structural styles in different tectonic settings (thrust and fold belts, rifts, strike-slip, gravity tectonics, inversion), structural geology of reservoir units.

Identification and mapping of structural and stratigraphic traps from seismic data, prediction of trap integrity and volume estimation of hydrocarbon accumulations, application of facies models and sequence stratigraphy to the estimation of reservoir geometry and quality, tectonic and subsidence models for passive continental margins, fold and thrust belts, rift and pull-apart basins and basin inversion; analysis of basin development for determining hydrocarbon source rock potential and migration pathways, integration of technical data with economic principles and risk assessment in making exploration decisions, developing exploration strategies.
WELL LOG ANAYSIS (3 credits)

The well and borehole environment; Archie equation; gamma ray, spontaneous potential, temperature, and resistivity logs; density, neutron, and sonic logs; borehole imaging; clean and shaly sand formation evaluation (lithology, fluids, and saturations); producibility (porosity, permeability, and effective permeability); specialty logs (epithermal, nuclear resonance), cased-hole logs, and log quality control; logging for structural and stratigraphic correlations; and reservoir formation evaluation.

Recovery factors in hydrocarbon reservoirs. Petrophysics in the oil field environment and scaling to the appropriate earth models. Linking rock physics, well logs and seismic data to extend rock properties measure in a borehole into the data volume given by 3D seismic data. Measuring 3D earth models using borehole seismic. Vertical seismic profiling (VSP); cross well and single well techniques. Seismic facies modeling, seismic inversion, geostatistical modeling, DHIS and AVO analysis, seismic attributes application, shear wave data application, 4D seismic application, cross-well profiling/seismic tomography. Understanding the physical properties of rocks and their importance for the different applications such as reservoir modeling and petroleum engineering.

Principles of geological interpretation of seismic reflection data. Topics include structural interpretation, seismic stratigraphy, seismic facies analysis, lithofacies prediction, reconstruction of complex depositional/erosional signals in various environments, and integration of seismic and well data. Participants learn to interpret 2D and 3D data in a workstation environment.

This is a seminar course designed to develop an understanding of the petroleum geology and geophysics of a selection of Southeast Asia oil and gas fields. Seminars are presented by Department staff, M.Sc. students and invited lecturers from the petroleum industry.

Basic concepts and terminology of petroleum geochemistry; processes related to preservation of organic matter in sedimentary environments; composition and characterization of kerogen, bitumen, and petroleum; conversion of kerogen to hydrocarbon; principles and interpretation of geochemical data; basic concepts of maturity modelling; integrating measured geochemical data with conceptual geologic models; modelling of burial and thermal history and prediction of hydrocarbon generation and migration routes.

The course is an extended practical exercise where well, outcrop, seismic and other geophysical data are interpreted in order to evaluate the exploration potential of an area by simulating the types of interpretations and decisions that are made in the oil industry for exploration projects.

Concepts and terminology applied to integrated oil and gas field analysis; application of geological and geophysical data, including correlation, mapping, and compilation of seismic and well-log data of structural, stratigraphy, and reservoir facies in map form; calibration of well logs to core and cutting data; calibration of well logs to seismic data; generating geological and reservoir maps; calculating oil and gas reserves; history matching field production.
FIELD COURSE (2 credits)

A 10 day structural and stratigraphic field course. Details of the places to be visited and course content will be provided after assessment of available outcrops.
  Ten of the fourteen technical courses combine lectures with practical exercises and are examined at the end of the semester during which they are taught. Two courses are class projects and one is a seminar course; these are not examined and neither is the field geology course. The courses are taught by the full-time staff of the Petroleum Geoscience Program and the Geology Department, plus Visiting Professors.  
  Training in the use of technical computer software is incorporated into the program. All students become proficient in interpreting 3D seismic data and well log analysis.  
  Developing communication skills is another objective of the program. Students are required to give formal oral presentations and submit written reports during the teaching semesters as well as prepare a formal dissertation and oral presentation at the end of their research projects. Additionally, all students are required to take a non-credit general English course in Semester I plus a non-credit English course on written and oral communication skills during Semester II.  
  Each student is required to design and implement a research project involving the collection, analysis and interpretation of geological and/or geophysical data. Research results are presented in a written report
(5,000 words) and an oral presentation (15 minutes) at the end of the project. Students can choose their research project from a wide range of petroleum-related topics, including both surface and subsurface geological and geophysical problems. Thailand and the ASEAN region offer excellent research opportunities in clastic and carbonate sedimentology, structural analysis and reservoir geology. The Petroleum Geoscience program has
access to well data and 2D and 3D seismic data that can be used for subsurface interpretation. Students also are encouraged to select a project from their home country.
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